Successfully encapsulates anti-cancer agent in newly invented liposome
High tumor shrinking effects and synergistic effect with an immune checkpoint inhibitor were observed
Research results for FF-10850, a novel liposome drug candidate for improvement of pharmacological efficacy through selective delivery of anti-cancer agent to tumors
November 13, 2018
FUJIFILM Corporation (President: Kenji Sukeno) has succeeded in stably encapsulating the anti-cancer agent topotecan*1 , approved for the treatment of several solid cancers, in newly invented liposome. When preclinical studies in mice were conducted using a drug where topotecan was encapsulated in liposomes (development number: FF-10850), in addition to confirming high tumor shrinking effects, improved pharmacological efficacy was demonstrated when administered in combination with an immune checkpoint inhibitor*2 , with prolonged survival compared to monotherapy. Going forward, based on the results of these nonclinical studies, the company will prepare for the early initiation of clinical studies of the drug candidate.
Fujifilm conducts research and development on the potential use of encapsulating drugs in liposomes, artificially constructed vesicles made from organic phospholipids that make up cellular membranes, by harnessing its advanced nano-dispersion technology, analysis technology, and process technology cultivated through its wide range of product development. In another study the liposome drug candidate FF-10832, which encapsulates the anti-cancer agent gemcitabine*3 , has been observed to protect gemcitabine from elimination and demonstrate an enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effect*4 by which the FF-10850 accumulates within tumor and releases gemcitabine. A Phase I clinical trial of FF-10832 is underway in the U.S.
Topotecan has an extremely short half-life*5 in the blood, and also has the issue of causing serious bone marrow suppression*6 as a side effect in more than 80% of patients. A liposome drug where topotecan is encapsulated can be considered as a way to resolve these issues; however, topotecan has a tendency to pass through the liposome membrane, resulting in a problem where topotecan would leak into the blood before reaching the tumor. By enhancing the strength of the liposome membrane with the addition of new materials to the liposome ingredients, Fujifilm has succeeded in stably encupsulating topotecan. Fujifilm is conducting research on the drug as a candidate anti-cancer agent (development number: FF-10850), and has obtained the following results in studies in mice.
[Research Result 1] High tumor shrinking effects confirmed with monotherapy
Mice with transplanted human-derived ovarian cancer cells (ES-2) were administered with topotecan and FF-10850, respectively, and the efficacy and tolerability were confirmed for each dosage. The period of administration was five consecutive days for topotecan and two cycles of one administration per week for FF-10850.
- With topotecan, efficacy was observed with 30 mg/m2 (6 mg/m2 x five times), while with FF-10850, efficacy was confirmed with 3 mg/m2 (1.5 mg/m2 x twice). When the two drugs were compared, FF-10850 demonstrated efficacy that was greater than or equal to topotecan with 1/10 of the total dose of topotecan.
- With FF-10850, tumor shrinking effects were seen with 8 mg/m2 (4 mg/m2 x twice). Furthermore, the relative body weight change which is an indicator of tolerability, was less than that of topotecan.
Based on the above, FF-10850 is expected to have high pharmacological efficacy that exceeds that of topotecan while maintaining tolerability even when dosage is increased.
[Research Result 2] Improved pharmacological efficacy observed when administered in combination with an immune checkpoint inhibitor
Monotherapies and combination therapy with an immune checkpoint inhibitor*2 and FF-10850 was conducted on mice transplanted with mouse-derived colorectal cancer cells (CT26), and efficacy and tolerability were confirmed. The period of administration was three cycles of two administrations per week for the immune checkpoint inhibitor (30 mg/m2) and three cycles of one administration per week for FF-10850 (6 mg/m2).
- When administered as a monotherapy, the median value for mouse survival time was 19 days for the immune checkpoint inhibitor and 27.5 days for FF-10850. Meanwhile, when administered as a combination therapy, the median value for mouse survival time exceeded 40 days, demonstrating a statistically significant difference when compared with the monotherapies. Mouse survival rates for the combination therapy were 75% at 40 days after administration, which was higher than the monotherapies.
- Even when administered as a combination therapy, noticeable side effects such as weight loss were not observed, and there were no issues with tolerability.
Based on the above, FF-10850 is expected to further suppress tumor proliferation through administration with an immune checkpoint inhibitor and prolong survival time.
Fujifilm will present its research results on FF-10850 at the “30th EORTC-NCI-AACR SYMPOSIUM”, one of the world's most prominent cancer related conferences, to be held in Dublin, Ireland from November 13th to 16th, 2018.
Fujifilm is harnessing its advanced technologies such as the nano-dispersion technology and ability to synthesize and design compounds to undertake the development of new drugs in the key areas of cancer, central nervous system diseases, and infectious diseases. The company is also focusing on developing drug delivery system (DDS) technologies including liposome drugs, undertaking research and development to apply DDS technologies not only to low-molecular-weight drugs but also to next-generation drugs such as nucleic acid drugs and gene therapy drugs. Going forward, the company will contribute to the resolution of social issues by developing and delivering innovative, high value-added pharmaceutical products.